The bundessteuerrecht imposes that a part of the purchase price is attributed to a confederation, not to the competition. This leads to potential pitfalls for the unwary. In general, when a business is sold, most of the profit to the seller is long-term capital gains that are taxed at attractive prices. However, any amount allocated to the federal government for non-competition is an ordinary income that is taxed at the highest individual rate applicable to the seller. This is why most sellers want to allocate a small amount to this item. The buyer is indifferent from a tax point of view, because the costs are depreciated in the same way as the cost of the value. However, there is an unscathed reason for the purchaser to allocate a significant amount to the Confederation. If the seller violates the Confederation and introduces a new transaction in the same territory, the buyer can take legal action. If the buyer succeeds and the seller is found to be aggrieved, the buyer must prove damages. The seller`s lawyer will inform the court that the buyer and seller have already set the amount of the damage and have included it in the original contract. The lawyer will then show the court the amount that both parties have allocated to Confederation and ask the court to award damages of that amount. In my own practice as a CPA and a tax and business lawyer in San Francisco, I have seen service companies sold for millions of dollars, with a sum that has been allocated to the Federal Government for not competing for only ten thousand dollars.
If the seller decides to take over the business and ask his former customers in direct violation of the federal government, that might be his only price. In addition to the costs of the company as a whole, the award of the purchase price to the competition indicates the specific parts contained in a sale. Read 3 min In a non-marital California case, Mart v. Severson, First Appellate District San Francisco Court noted the first instance`s position that the evaluators could not include the value of confederation in the assessed value of the business since there was no anti-competition contract at the time of the assessment. The result was an increase in the value of the company`s first instance from $1.48 million, or net assets, to $5.6 million on the basis of the performance method. It is clear from the tripartite body`s statements that the value of the revenue method included a non-compete agreement with the hypothetical purchaser. Here, the court recognized that an alliance not to compete was a normal condition for a fair market value sale. Without the federal government, the value of the business would have been reduced to assets contrary to economic reality. This calculation is extremely important because it will determine how the funds will be taxed. Some companies do not calculate the allocation of purchase prices until the end of the sale.
This can be a costly mistake.