War detention (POW) was an important and problematic issue in the negotiations.  The Communists held 10,000 prisoners of war and UNC 150,000 prisoners of war.  PvA, KPA and UNC were unable to agree on a return system because many VPA and KPA soldiers refused to be repatriated to the North, which was unacceptable to the Chinese and North Koreans.  In the final ceasefire agreement, signed on 27 July 1953, a return commission of the Neutral Nations, chaired by Indian General K. S. Thimayya, was established to deal with the issue.  The full text of the ceasefire agreement can be read by clicking on the link below. In addition, the photo link below leads our viewers to a series of photos related to Panmunjom. The official U.S. Navy photos on this page are from the private collection of retired Police Lieutenant Robert J. Busch of St. Louis, Missouri. Bob served in the U.S.
Navy from 1944 to December 1952, when he was fired as Chief Boatswain Mate. (e) Station five (5) inspection teams of neutral nations at the ports of entry referred to in paragraph 43 above, which are under the military control of the Commander-in-Chief, United Nations Command; And five (5) inspection teams of neutral nations at the ports of entry listed in paragraph 43 above, which are under the military control of the Supreme Commander of the Korean People`s Army and the Commander of the Volunteers of the Chinese People; and to establish, initially, ten (10) mobile inspection teams of neutral nations in reserve, located near the headquarters of the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission, the number of which may be reduced by the unit of high-ranking members of both parties in the Military Ceasefire Commission. At least half of the mobile inspection teams of neutral nations are deployed simultaneously at the request of the chief member of both sides of the Military Ceasefire Commission. In March 2013, North Korea announced the abolition of all non-aggression pacts with South Korea. It also closed the border and the direct telephone line between the two Koreas.  North Korea also stated that it had the right to conduct a pre-emptive nuclear attack.  A UN spokesman said that the ceasefire agreement had been adopted by the UN General Assembly and could not be unilaterally dissolved by either North Korea or South Korea.  On March 28, 2013, the United States sent two stealth B-2 Spirit bombers to South Korea to participate in ongoing military exercises in the region, including dropping ammunition on a South Korean bombing room. It was the first non-stop B-2 tour from the United States to Korea.
 Following this mission, North Korean media announced that they were preparing missiles ready to attack U.S. targets.  In May 2013, North Korea proposed to open negotiations for a peace treaty to replace the ceasefire agreement.    At the Geneva Conference in Switzerland in 1954, Chinese Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai proposed the implementation of a peace treaty on the Korean peninsula. U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, however, did not respond to the attempt to obtain such a treaty. A final peace settlement has never been reached.  The signed ceasefire establishes the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), the new de facto border between the two nations, establishes a ceasefire and has concluded the repatriation of prisoners of war.
The DMZ crosses near the 38th parallel and has separated North and South Korea since the signing of the Korean ceasefire agreement in 1953. Paragraph 13 (d) of the ceasefire agreement requires that neither side introduce new weapons into Korea, with the exception of piece-by-piece replacement of equipment.  In September 1956, joint chiefs of staff president Admiral Radford declared that the United States